El Salvador is a country in Central America with 7 million inhabitants. Neighboring countries are Guatemala and Honduras. El Salvador has a coastline with the Pacific Ocean in the south. The Sierra Maestra del Norte mountain range is located along the border with Honduras. The Cadena Costera volcanic mountain range stretches along the coast. This leaves a short coastal plain with a tropical climate (tierra caliente). The fertile plateau between the two mountain ranges has a temperate climate (tierra templada). The high mountain country along the border with Honduras has a colder climate (tierra fria). The landscape is further characterized by volcanoes, hot springs, geysers, lakes and rivers. On the coast there are cliffs, bays, islands and sandy beaches. Capital San Salvador has 490,000 inhabitants. Sights are the cathedral, the national theater, the palace, the zoo and the volcano. Other important cities are Acajutla, Ahuachapán, Chalatenango, La Unión, Nueva San Salvador, Santa Ana, Puerto Cutuco, Puerto El Triunfo and San Miguel. The archaeological site of Joya de Cerén is on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Other places of interest are the ruins of the Maya cities, the Spanish colonial architecture, Suchitoto, the Los Chorros ponds, the Cerro Verde National Park, the Montecristo cloud forest on the three-country point, the crater lakes and the active volcano Izalco.

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