Chile is a country in South America with 19 million inhabitants. Neighboring countries are Argentina, Peru and Bolivia. The republic has a long rugged coastline with the Pacific Ocean. The western part of Vuurland also belongs to Chile. Four island groups belong to the territory of Chile: the Juan Fernández archipelago, the Desventuradas islands, Easter Island and the Diego Ramírez islands. The landscape is very diverse. To the east lies the Andes mountains with volcanic rocks, lake areas, fjords and ice sheets. Along the coast stretches the coastal mountains: Cordillera de la Costa. In between lies an elongated low plain with desert areas (Atacama), salt plains, fertile valleys, forests, lakes, rivers and patagonian steppes (pampas). There are 9 climate zones. Capital Santiago has 220,000 inhabitants. Other cities are Antofagasta, Arica, Chuquicamata, Coquimbo, La Serena, Osorno, oasis city San Pedro de Atacama, Temuco, port city Valparaíso, Puente Alto and Punta Arenas. The UNESCO World Heritage list includes the Rapa Nui National Park on Easter Island, the churches of Chiloé, the historic district of Valparaíso, the Salpetro quarries of Humberstone and Santa Laura and the mining town of Sewell. Other places of interest are the many parks and reserves, the Mapuche culture, the geysers of El Tatio, the island of Robinson Crusoe, Easter Island and the Cathedral of San Marcos.

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