Brazil is the largest country in South America and has 192 million inhabitants. It borders almost all countries except Chile and Ecuador. The republic has a long coastline along the Atlantic Ocean. The landscape is varied. In the north lies the Highland of Guyana. In the northwest is the Amazon basin with tropical rainforest. Desert-like territory lies in the northeast. The coast with many cities and some rainforest. Central and southern is the Highland of Brazil with tropical rainforest and savannas. There is a tropical climate with sometimes drier areas. Capital Brasilia has 1.8 million inhabitants. Sights are the Cathedral of Brasilia and the many churches and government buildings. Other important cities are Belém, Belo Horizonte, Brasilia, Campinas, Curitiba, Fortaleza, Goiania, Guarulhos, Manaus, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador and São Paulo. On the World Heritage List of UNESCO is Brasilia and the historic centers of Ouro Preto, Olinda, Salvador de Bahia, São Luis, Diamanta, and Goiás. Furthermore, various Jesuit missions from the Guarani, the Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Congonhas and many national parks and nature reserves. Other places of interest are Sugarloaf Mountain, Copa Cobana, Manaus and Foz do Iguazu Falls.

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